Pepper Black Nutritional Facts
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Pepper, Black Nutrition Facts

Black pepper, known as the ‘king of spices’, is one of the most widely used spices in the world. Renowned for its pungent flavor and aroma, it is both a culinary staple and a revered addition to various cuisines. Beyond its culinary uses, black pepper is also celebrated for its potential health benefits, including aiding digestion and providing relief from cold and cough.

Origins and Cultivation

Originating from the Malabar Coast in India, black pepper has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The cultivation of black pepper involves growing the pepper plant, which thrives in tropical climates, with India, Vietnam, and Brazil being among the top producers today. The peppercorns are harvested at various stages of ripeness and processed to achieve different flavors.

Full Nutrient Table

NameamountUnit
Proximates
Water12.5g
Energy251kcal
Energy1050kJ
Protein10.4g
Total lipid (fat)3.26g
Ash4.49g
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate, by difference64g
Fiber, total dietary25.3g
Sugars, total including NLEA0.64g
Sucrose0.02g
Glucose0.24g
Fructose0.23g
Lactose0g
Maltose0g
Galactose0.15g
Minerals
Calcium, Ca443mg
Iron, Fe9.71mg
Magnesium, Mg171mg
Phosphorus, P158mg
Potassium, K1330mg
Sodium, Na20mg
Zinc, Zn1.19mg
Copper, Cu1.33mg
Manganese, Mn12.8mg
Selenium, Se4.9µg
Fluoride, F34.2µg
Vitamins and Other Components
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid0mg
Thiamin0.108mg
Riboflavin0.18mg
Niacin1.14mg
Pantothenic acid1.4mg
Vitamin B-60.291mg
Folate, total17µg
Folic acid0µg
Folate, food17µg
Folate, DFE17µg
Choline, total11.3mg
Betaine8.9mg
Vitamin B-120µg
Vitamin B-12, added0µg
Vitamin A, RAE27µg
Retinol0µg
Carotene, beta310µg
Carotene, alpha12µg
Cryptoxanthin, beta25µg
Vitamin A, IU547IU
Lycopene20µg
Lutein + zeaxanthin454µg
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)1.04mg
Vitamin E, added0mg
Tocopherol, beta0mg
Tocopherol, gamma6.56mg
Tocopherol, delta0mg
Tocotrienol, alpha0.85mg
Tocotrienol, beta0mg
Tocotrienol, gamma0mg
Tocotrienol, delta0mg
Vitamin D (D2 + D3), International Units0IU
Vitamin D (D2 + D3)0µg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)164µg
Vitamin K (Dihydrophylloquinone)0µg
Lipids
Fatty acids, total saturated1.39g
SFA 4:00g
SFA 6:00.012g
SFA 8:00.102g
SFA 10:00.036g
SFA 12:00.093g
SFA 13:00g
SFA 14:00.03g
SFA 15:00g
SFA 16:00.533g
SFA 17:00g
SFA 18:00.327g
SFA 20:00g
SFA 22:00g
SFA 24:00g
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated0.739g
MUFA 14:10.016g
MUFA 15:10g
MUFA 16:10.077g
MUFA 17:10g
MUFA 18:10.647g
MUFA 18:1 c0.647g
MUFA 20:10g
MUFA 22:10g
MUFA 24:1 c0g
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated0.998g
PUFA 18:20.694g
PUFA 18:30.152g
PUFA 18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA)0.152g
PUFA 18:3 n-6 c,c,c0g
PUFA 18:40g
PUFA 20:2 n-6 c,c0g
PUFA 20:30.152g
PUFA 20:40g
PUFA 2:5 n-3 (EPA)0g
PUFA 22:5 n-3 (DPA)0g
PUFA 22:6 n-3 (DHA)0g
Fatty acids, total trans0g
Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic0g
TFA 18:1 t0g
Cholesterol0mg
Phytosterols92mg
Amino acids
Tryptophan0.058g
Threonine0.244g
Isoleucine0.366g
Leucine1.01g
Lysine0.244g
Methionine0.096g
Cystine0.138g
Phenylalanine0.446g
Tyrosine0.483g
Valine0.547g
Arginine0.308g
Histidine0.159g
Alanine0.616g
Aspartic acid1.41g
Glutamic acid1.41g
Glycine0.441g
Proline1.41g
Serine0.409g
Hydroxyproline0g
Alcohol, ethyl0g
Caffeine0mg
Theobromine0mg
NameamountUnit
Black Pepper Nutrition

Nutritional Charts for pepper, black

Nutrient Composition Pie Chart

This chart shows the proportion of different macronutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) in the food.

Macronutrient Distribution Bar Chart

This chart displays the distribution of macronutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate) in the food.

Mineral and Vitamin Bar Chart

This chart illustrates the distribution of essential minerals and vitamins in the food.

Amino Acid Composition Bar Chart

This chart represents the composition of essential amino acids in the food.

Nutrient Density Chart

This chart assesses the nutrient density of the food by comparing the amount of essential nutrients (such as vitamins and minerals) per calorie.

Health Benefits

Black pepper is not just a flavor enhancer but also packs several health benefits. It contains a compound called piperine, which has been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These attributes contribute to reducing oxidative stress and improving health conditions such as inflammation-related ailments.

Cooking Tips and Recipes

For best flavor, use freshly ground black pepper added towards the end of the cooking process. It’s a versatile spice that can be incorporated into a variety of recipes, from classic pepper steak to a simple black pepper chicken. It also enhances the taste of soups, salads, and even some desserts.

Black Pepper Varieties

There are several varieties of black pepper, each with its unique flavor profile. The most common is the Tellicherry pepper, which is larger and has a more complex flavor. Others include the Malabar pepper with its distinct fruity notes, and the Lampong pepper from Indonesia, known for its smoky and earthy aroma.

Tips for Buying and Storing

When buying black pepper, look for whole peppercorns as they retain their flavor longer than pre-ground pepper. Store them in an airtight container in a cool, dark place to maintain their potency. Ground pepper should be used within a few months, whereas whole peppercorns can last up to a year or more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, black pepper is more than just a kitchen staple; it’s a treasure trove of nutrients that can enhance both the flavor of your meals and your health. With its rich mineral content, dietary fibers, and vitamins, it’s a simple yet powerful addition to any diet. For more details on its nutritional benefits, check out the Source.

References

USDA Food Data Central.

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